Prostate cancer begins when cells in the prostate gland start to grow uncontrollably. The prostrate is a gland found only in males. It makes some of the fluid that is part of the semen. The prostate is below the bladder and is in front of the rectum. The size of the prostate changes with age. In the younger men, it is about the size of a walnut, but it can be much larger in the older men.
Just behind the prostate are glands called seminal vesicles that make most of the fluid for semen. The urethra, which is the tube that carries the urine and semen out of the body through the penis, goes through the center of the prostate
Almost all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas. These cancers develop from gland cells (the cells that make the prostate fluid that is added to the semen) Other types of prostate cancer include;
These other types of prostate cancer are rare. If you have prostate cancer, it is almost certain to be an adenocarcinoma.
Some prostate cancers can grow and spread quickly, but most grow slowly. In fact, autopsy studies show that many older men (and even some younger men) who died of other causes also had prostate cancer that never affected them during their lives. In many cases, neither they nor their doctors even knew they had it.
Breast feeding reduces the mother cancer risk.
Hormone replacement therapy increases the risk of cancers. Limit the use of HRT.
Ensure you take part in vaccination programs.
Take part in organized cancer screening programs.
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