The Cervix is the lowest part of the uterus (womb) that connects the uterus to the vagina. Cancer of the cervix is an abnormal growth in the cervix consisting of cells that have become abnormal and are growing uncontrollable. This growth can invade the uterus, vagina, urinary tract, and other surrounding tissues, as well as spread to other parts of the body like lungs through the blood or lymph
Cervical cancer is a disease that affects women only and occurs in all parts of the world. Cervical cancer used to be a big problem in developed countries but this is no longer the case thanks to screening and vaccination. Presently, almost 9 out of 10 cervical cancer deaths occur in less developed regions of the world.
Every year, cervical cancer kills more than 250,000 women, and 85% of these deaths occur in low-and middle-income countries. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide, but most of these deaths could be prevented with adequate prevention measures, such as vaccination of girls against human papillomavirus (HPV) and screening programs to detect and treat precancerous lesions.
Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide, but the second most common cancer in women in Nigeria after breast cancer. There are over 14,000 new cases and over 8,000 deaths due to cervical cancer occurring annually in Nigeria, making it the second most cause of cancer deaths in Nigerian women. However, more than half of the women diagnosed with cervical cancer in Nigeria die making it the most deadly cancer in Nigerian women. This high mortality is mostly driven by late diagnosis at which time it cannot be cured.
High Parity (having had many pregnancies and deliveries)
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